7 Special Types Of Dove Birds

Shut your eyes and consider stepping exterior and into a backyard garden. The comforting audio of dove birds cooing all close to you calms you. Doves are breathtaking birds uncovered globally, but several are shocked when they master that doves are associated to pigeons.  

Pigeons are not the principal subject of this post. In its place, we check out doves and how they are distinctive from pigeons. You will study a great deal about very well-identified dove species identified about the environment! It’s not uncommon to image a mourning dove, but incredibly there are hundreds of species of these wonderful birds! 

Brown Cuckoo Dove 

Brown Cuckoo-Dove in Queensland Australia
The brown cuckoo-dove (Macropygia phasianella).

©Imogen Warren/Shutterstock.com

The brown cuckoo-dove (Macropygia phasianella) is a dove in the genus Macropygia. When the Brown Cuckoo dove is from time to time referred to as the “brown pigeon” or the “pheasant pigeon,” it is better to prevent employing possibly. This can guide to confusion in between brown doves and the actual pheasant pigeon. 

When the slender-billed cuckoo dove was divided in 2016, three new species, such as the brown cuckoo dove, have been established. This breathtaking chook actions 16 to 17 inches in duration. It has smaller wings, a lengthy tail, and a darker rear. Its feathers are a deep shade of golden brown. The nape and neck of the males frequently show a vivid purple or environmentally friendly coloring. 

Doves keep on being in couples or flocks. Berries from indigenous plants and imported weed species are a big ingredient of its eating plan. Relying on food items materials, they could be nomadic. They use monumental electrical power to fly close to the earth over quick intervals.

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Black-Winged Floor Dove

Black-winged ground dove (Metriopelia melanoptera saturatior) in Antisana nature reserve, Ecuador.
The adult male Black-winged floor dove has pink undertones and is grey and brown or clay brown on best.

©Traveller MG/Shutterstock.com

Upcoming on our list is the black-winged floor dove. The páramo and puna ecosystems in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina are residence to the black-winged floor dove. Whilst it generally roosts in Polylepis forest and Puya stands, it can also be witnessed in grassy areas close to the tree line.

The breeding season of the black-winged ground dove fluctuates with latitude. Eggs have now been identified between August and Oct in Colombia and Ecuador. In the south, the time lasts until February right after Oct. It generally builds its flimsy system nest out of sticks in shrubbery, succulents, or cacti, whilst it can also establish a person on the floor. 

The grownup male nominee has a small pink undertone and is gray and brown or clay brown on prime. The underparts are pale pink with a whitish neck and gray flanks. A white margin and some gentle gray can be observed on the closed wing. 

Like the uncovered skin that envelopes it, the coloration of the eyes differs greatly. The beneath portion of the grownup woman is a great deal a lot less pink and paler brown than the male.

Namaqua Dove

Namaqua sandgrouse (Pterocles namaqua) drinking water, Kalahari desert, South Africa
The Namaqua dove is typically compared to the Budgerigar, which has an exceptionally very long, black tail with a pointed tip.


The Namaqua dove is a prevalent indigenous and breeding chook in Madagascar and southern Africa. In addition, southern Israel, Jordan, and the Arabian Peninsula are bundled in its selection. This species can be located amid shrubs and acacia in arid parts. 

It nests in a shrub with a stick and deposits two white eggs, which the woman incubates for 16 times. It likes to remain fairly low and fly rapidly with clipped beats. Its dimension and look have prompted comparisons with the Budgerigar, which has an extremely extended, black tail with a pointed idea. 

Other than for a white underbelly and most important chocolate feathers obvious in flight, the plumage is generally grey. Aside from possessing a yellow and purple bill, the experienced male has a black encounter, neck, and upper body. The adult feminine Namaqua Dove is grey with a pink foundation without the black.

Blue-Headed Quail-Dove

Blue-headed quail-dove or blue-headed partridge-dove - Starnoenas cyanocephala walking on ground. Photo from Cueva de los Peces Cuba.
Blue-headed Quail-Doves originated in Cuba.

©Piotr Poznan/Shutterstock.com

The threatened Blue-headed Quail-Dove, an indigenous to Cuba, is between the most spectacular. Since it is the only species in the genus Starnoenas, it has been widely believed to be solitary. Still, a recent review reveals that it is significantly far more exceptional than at first imagined. 

Anatomical variations, like skeletal features, the kind of the scaling on the legs, and the deficiency of a preen gland, set this species aside from all other dove species uncovered in the New World and most closely resemble species in Australia and adjacent regions. 

Australian species are also additional comparable to other quail-dove species in mating and intense behaviors. A vivid blue crown, black eye bands, white facial stripes, a black gorget tightly surrounded by white markings, and blue mottling on the sides are all capabilities of this bird’s human body, which is primarily caramel-brown in shade.

Black-Billed Wooden Dove

Black-billed Wood-Dove (Turtur abyssinicus) standing on the ground in Gambia dry forest. Looking over it’s shoulders.
Black-billed Wood Doves are tiny, stout pigeons weighing close to 2.3 oz and are 7.5 to 8 inches very long.

©Agami Photo Agency/Shutterstock.com

The Ugandan or Sudanese Black-billed Wood Dove (Turtur abyssinicus), is frequent in an location of Africa just south of the Sahara Desert. Their ranges at times intersect in northwest Kenya, northeast Uganda, and a tiny place in Ethiopia and the extremely southeast of Sudan. 

Black-billed Wooden Doves are very little, stout pigeons weighing all around 2.3 oz and are 7.5 to 8 inches long. As their typical name implies, they have black expenses. The tail, wings, and rump are a light-weight grey-brown coloration. Alongside the lessen back again and tail, there are dim traces. 

The bluish grey of the brow, head, and neck fades to a whitish hue on this dove’s confront. There are attribute darkish shiny spots on the folded wings. They commonly fly small, and their flying is swift, with repeated wing beats and sometimes rapid wing flicks. The underwing chocolate places are obvious when the chicken is flying.

Tambourine Dove

Tambourine dove posing on a branch
Tambourine doves have faded brown backs, hind necks, wings, and tails.


The penultimate dove on our record is the tambourine dove! Tambourine Doves are indigenous to central and southern Africa they can be uncovered in Senegal and Gambia, as effectively as southern Somalia, Ethiopia, and South Africa’s central and jap regions. The arid sections of southwestern Africa are devoid of them. 

In addition, they are indigenous to the Comoro Islands, which are found off the southeast coast of Africa, and the island of Bioko, which is situated off the west coast of that continent. They are living in thickly forested sites, this kind of as greenhouses and fields of castor oil, cacao, and rubber, as perfectly as other densely vegetated spots. 

They normally stay near to drinking water sources like rivers, reservoirs, and dams. Males element white faces with black spots driving the eye, white necks, and white bellies, in addition to a gray crown. Tambourine doves have light brown backs, hind necks, wings, and tails. The folded wings have large dim purple places. The tail is darkish beneath as properly. 

Mourning Dove

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A pair of mourning doves (Zenaida macroura) bathing in a water fountain, San Francisco Bay Spot, California.

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We couldn’t stop this record without having like just one of the most common doves in the entire world – the mourning dove! The mourning dove is a common dove that is exquisite, modest-headed, and has a slender tail. Mourning Doves relaxation on telephone traces and hunt for seeds in the soil. 

They fly speedily and precisely. Their sluggish, extended phone calls resemble sighs. Their wings emit a piercing screeching or whinnying sound when they get off. In North The usa, mourning doves are among the the most typically hunted species. Mourning Doves ordinarily consume a whopping 71 energy each and every working day, or 12{95b18eb6fc4f42efd0d92738dfc3fb79fde21da267a711ecdf0381147c27bb86} to 20{95b18eb6fc4f42efd0d92738dfc3fb79fde21da267a711ecdf0381147c27bb86} of their body pounds.

If you see three Mourning Doves soaring in limited circles, the male in a mated pair ordinarily is the bird in the front. The following is an unpaired male pursuing his rival away from the region where by he intends to nest. The third is the bonded pair’s woman, who appears to follow along.